Civil Services

The Civil Services Examination (CSE) is a nationwide competitive examination in India conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for recruitment to various Civil Services of the Government of India, including the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Police Service (IPS) and Indian Revenue Service (IRS). The examination is the toughest examination in India. It is conducted in two phases – a preliminary examination consisting of two objective-type papers (general studies and aptitude test), and a main examination consisting of nine papers of conventional (essay) type followed by a personality test (interview). The entire process from the notification of the preliminary examination to declaration of the final results takes roughly one year

Eligibility Conditions for Civil Services Exams:

  1. a citizen of India, or
  2. a subject of Nepal, Bhutan or
  3. a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India, or
  4. a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

  1. A candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 32 years on the 1st of August, of the year of examination (e.g. For CSE 2016 he must have been born not earlier than 2nd August, 1984 and not later than 1st August, 1995).
  2. The upper age-limit prescribed above will be:
  3. Relaxable for 5 years: To a candidate who belongs to a Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe • To a candidate who had ordinarily been domiciled in the State of Jammu and Kashmir during the period from the 1st January, 1980 to the 31st day of December, 1989 • To an ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who has rendered at least five years Military Service as on 1st August, of the year of examination and has been released.
  4. Relaxable for 3 years: To a candidate who belongs to Other Backward Classes (non-creamy layer only) • Defence Services Personnel, disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof.
  5. Relaxable for 10 years: In the case of blind, deaf-mute and orthopedically handicapped persons.

Note 1 :—Candidate should note that only the date of birth as recorded in the Matriculation/Secondary Examination certificate or an equivalent certificate will be accepted by the Commission.

The candidate must hold a degree of any Indian Universities recognized by UGC. It can either be from a regular university or an open university.

Category No. of Attempt
General Category:06
Physically Handicapped:As per their community except for general category candidate who is eligible for 09 attempts.


Physical Standards: Candidates must be physically fit according to physical standards for admission to Civil Services Examination, as per guidelines given in Appendix-III of Rules for Examination published in the Gazette of India Extraordinary in the year of exam.

(i) Indian Administrative Service.

(ii) Indian Foreign Service.

(iii) Indian Police Service.

(iv) Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service, Group ‘A’.

(v) Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.

(vi) Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise), Group ‘A’.

(vii) Indian Defence Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.

(viii) Indian Revenue Service (I.T.), Group ‘A’.

(ix) Indian Ordnance Factories Service, Group ‘A’ (Assistant Works Manager, administration).

(x) Indian Postal Service, Group ‘A’.

(xi) Indian Civil Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.

(xii) Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group ‘A’.

(xiii) Indian Railway Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.

(xiv) Indian Railway Personnel Service, Group ‘A’.

(xv) Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force, Group ‘A’

(xvi) Indian Defence Estates Service, Group ‘A’.

(xvii) Indian Information Service (Junior Grade), Group ‘A’.

(xviii) Indian Trade Service, Group ‘A’ (Gr. III).

(xix) Indian Corporate Law Service, Group “A”.

(xx) Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Group ‘B’ (Section Officer’s Grade).

(xxi) Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service, Group ‘B’. (xxii) Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service, Group ‘B’.

(xxii) Pondicherry Civil Service, Group ‘B’.

(xxiii) Pondicherry Police Service, Group ‘B’.

The Examination comprises two successive stages:

(i) Stage 1:Civil Services (Preliminary) Examinations (Objective Type) for the selection of candidates for Main Examination;

(ii) Stage 2:Civil Services (Main) Examination (Written and Interview) for the selection of candidates for the various services and posts.

  1. The Preliminary Examination:

Consists of two papers of Objective type:

  1. Main Examination

The written examination will consist of the following papers:

o Paper-A Indian Language 300 Marks

o Paper-B English 300 Marks

o Paper-I Essay 250 Marks

o Paper-II General Studies-I 250 Marks

(Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)

o Paper-III General Studies –II 250 Marks

(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

o Paper-IV General Studies –III 250 Marks

(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

o Paper-V General Studies –IV 250 Marks

(Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)

o Paper-VI Optional Subject – Paper 1 250 Marks

o Paper-VII Optional Subject – Paper 2 250 Marks

Sub Total (Written test) 1750 Marks

o Personality Test 275 Marks

Grand Total 2025 Marks

Phase 1: Preliminary Examination – CSAT Syllabus:

CSAT or Civil Services Aptitude Test is the first phase of preliminary examination of UPSC. This test is intended to assess the aptitude of aspirants in solving the ‘Reasoning and Analytical’ questions.
IAS prelims exam consists of two papers of objective type, each of 200 marks (total of 400 marks) and two hours of duration and candidates must take both the papers.
The preliminary examination is meant for screening the candidate and the marks obtained by a candidate in the prelims who qualifies to the mains exam will not be considered for determining their final merit.

 Current events of national and international importance.
 History of India and Indian National Movement.
 Indian and World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
 Indian Polity and Governance - Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
 Economic and Social Development Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
 General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization.
 General Science.
 Comprehension.
 Interpersonal skills including communication skills.
 Logical reasoning and analytical ability.
 Decision-making and problem-solving.
 General mental ability.
 Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.)
(Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. - Class X level).
 English Language Comprehension skills (Class X level).

(i) Agriculture

(ii) Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science

(iii) Anthropology

(iv) Botany

(v) Chemistry

(vi) Civil Engineering

(vii) Commerce and Accountancy

(viii) Economics

(ix) Electrical Engineering

(x) Geography

(xi) Geology

(xii) History

(xiii) Law

(xiv) Management

(xv) Mathematics

(xvi) Mechanical Engineering

(xvii) Medical Science

(xviii) Philosophy

(xix) Physics

(xx) Political Science and International Relations

(xxi) Psychology

(xxii) Public Administration

(xxiii) Sociology

(xxiv) Statistics

(xxv) Zoology

(xxvi) Literature of any one of the following languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English

The total mark of the written examination is 1750 Marks. The Personality Test will be of 275 marks. The Grand Total 2025 Marks